The figure of the Roman, with laurel leaves m in his hair, sits naked upon his horse. In one hand is a shield, in the other a weapon. He is leaning up on his horse and the horse is rearing,
as if they are about to attack. The Roman and his horse are sketched in ink and a light color has been added to give them substance. The light use of color means that the crude outline of
the two forms shows through clearly and Dali's draftsman techniques can be observed. The rear of the horse and the arms of the Roman are formed by circles and ovals that build up the body
shape when placed together.
The horse and rider were a repetitive image in Dali's work, they often appear in the background as minor details to a painting. In Roman Cavalier in Spain
, the background is a rocky
Spanish bay. The rocks have been left in the same basic form as the Roman and his horse; so that their triangular structure is plain to see.